Friday, October 22, 2010

definition of culture




Culture is created by human life. Cultures can be defined as " the set of attitudes, values, and behaviour shared by a group of people, communicated from one generation to the next". Cultures plays huge role in how children make meaning of the world.
Most child development theories are based on westernized countries but the majority of children are not from westernized countries, therefore; child development theories require special attention to the influence of cross-cultural research on child development.
We should keep in mind that any behaviour that are appropriate within a culture will be encouraged by significant adult in children's lives and any behaviour that is not appropriate will be discouraged. These adaptive and maladaptive behaviour varies from one culture to another culture; behaviour that are adaptive in one culture could be maladaptive in another culture.
within any culture, children are shaped by the physical and social settings within which they live; culturally customs and child rearing practices; and culturally based belief systems. That means that the psychological of any social behavior is based on what culture and where those children are being exposed to those belief and system, therefore; child development theories and child development truths can not be applied for all children in different culture since all of those child development truths are based on the westernized "norms".
Early childhood educators, teachers, social workers and... must understand that normalcy is culturally defined and also the practitioners, psychologist should consider children's cultural values before giving diagnose .
Culture is consists of the historically accumulated knowledge, tools, and attitudes that pervade the child's proximal ecology, including the cultural "practices" of nuclear family members and other kin. These enculturated members of society are themselves subject to a variety of forces in both the natural ecology and society as they carry out their roles, such as care giving and earning a living.
Culture is created by human in their social life. Through participation in social life of culture, children develop.
'Culture is part of our world. It is developed through human life in the "natural" world and is nature that is formed. It consists of material products characterized by meaning and function. And it encompasses immaterial products: language, idea, conception, meaning, value, the knowledge and skill that are created and from part of human life. It comprises the activities that reproduce these products as well as create new. And it comprises the relation formed between humans and through which the social life and its products come into being'.








Reference:

Rubin, H.K & Menzer, M. (2010). Culture and social development. Retrieved on October 20, 2010 from  http://www.child-encyclopedia.com/en-ca/culture/according-to-experts.html.

Cole, M. & Hkkarainen, P. & Bredikyte, M. (2010). Culture and Early childhood Learning. Retrieved on October 20, 2010 from http://www.child-encyclopedia.com/en-ca/culture/according-to-experts.html.

Thyssen, S. Child Culture. (2003) Play and Child Development. Early Child Development and Care, 173(6), 589-612






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